APHIDIUSforce™ C

$31.95

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Buy 2 or more of the 1,000 for $42.00 each
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Description

Aphidius colemaniAphidius ervi and Aphelinus abdominalis are all natural aphid parasites and very useful and effective for the prevention and low-infestation management of various aphid species. These 2-3 millimeter mini-wasps are best used for preventing the establishment of more than 40 species of aphids. They can also tackle light to medium infestations. And, if established, they can adequately protect a crop throughout the season.

Aphidius colemani, which are normally shipped as ready-to-emerge mummies (expect to see some hatched adults on arrival), seem to be the product of choice when melon or cotton aphids (Aphis gossypii) are present as these are typically the aphid species on which they are reared. But it will also attack the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), the tobacco aphid (Myzus nicotianae) and the bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi) commonly used on banker plants. Aphidius colemani is produced in the USA by Beneficial Insectary!

Aphidius ervi, is shipped as mummies (expect to see some hatched adults on arrival), and is an excellent parasite of potato aphid (Macrosiphum euphorbiae), foxglove aphid (Aulacorthum solani) and the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum). A strong flier, it can locate small aphid colonies, making it excellent for preventive applications. Capable of parasitizing hundreds of aphids, it can be used for curative applications, but should be used in conjunction with aphid predators such as lacewings. Aphidius ervi is produced in the USA by Beneficial Insectary!

Aphelinus abdominalis, which are normally shipped as ready-to-emerge mummies, should be used when targeting the potato aphid (Macrosiphum euphorbiae) and the widely distributed glasshouse potato aphid (Aulacorthum solani). Aphelinus prefers to parasitise second and third instar aphids. Larger aphids are less frequently attacked, while first and small, second instars are used as a source of food by the adults. This host feeding is an important source of mortality in the aphids, with each female Aphelinus abdominalis killing approximately 2 aphids per day. By host feeding, the parasite obtains a source of proteins, which allows it to continue development of eggs and to increase the total number of offspring it produces. In laboratory studies, each female is capable of producing an average of 250 or more offspring over a period of 3 weeks, with an average daily production of 14. Egg laying continues throughout the life of the female.

Lifestyle

These parasitoids work by laying eggs in aphids. And they can lay 200-300 eggs! The wasps’ larvae which hatch from the eggs, slowly weaken and kill the aphids from within (endoparasitism). The aphids then turn into “mummies” as the wasps pupate. The life-span of these parasitoids is roughly 2 weeks in their immature stages, then 2 weeks as adults. The conditions for optimum performance will be between 64-75°F with a relative humidity of around 80%. But these are optimum conditions and not necessarily a prerequisite of successful implementation. Please note, however, significantly cooler or warmer temperatures and humidity fluctuations may hamper reproduction and development a certain degree.

Benefits

These wasps will work in fairly cool areas with a low light levels and a short photoperiod. Moreover, they are really easy to scout. One additional benefit: it is very common to hear reports of these aphid parasitoids returning the following year(s).Aphidius spp. wasps are superb preventive agents, thus offering growers a potential money-saving tool. Additionally, they can establish themselves in nearly any region of the country; they overwinter in the toughest climates. Once established, growers might be able to reduce the size of releases made due to the presence of on-site wasps: another money-saver.

Scouting

To determine if more Aphidius spp. wasps or hyperparasites are emerging out of your mummies, take a close look at the exit hole. The emergence of the Aphidius spp. wasp produces a clean, round hole without jagged edges. And often the flap or lid of removed material is absent. Scouts have the obvious mummies and exit holes to look for, but with these agents, there will probably be some visible and nearly instant reduction in the pest count. When Aphidius spp. are released, aphids often send a scent signal of alarm. An additional sign of parasitism — early parasitism — and Aphidius spp. activity in your crop is the tiny dark-orange to reddish/brown oviposition [sting] mark which may be present on the back-end to top of the aphids — on the abdomen. Just prior to the wasp pupating, its host aphid will turn a grayish color. This, however, depends upon the host species.

Advisories

Yellow sticky traps should be removed prior to releasing these mini-wasps. To monitor for thrips, use blue traps. If yellow traps must be used for whiteflies, etc., hang them for only two days per week. Ants, if present, should be controlled. They will defend aphids from predators and parasites to protect their honeydew food. Use barrier, exclusion products or boric acid products to control the ants. If your planting doesn’t have any ants, check to be sure that the honeydew isn’t too heavy. This may prove to be a hindrance to the parasitoids’ performance; they may spend too much time cleaning themselves.

Usages

Greenhouses, fields, interiorscapes, orchards and gardens. We’ve seen the successful preventive and curative implementation of these species in just about every conceivable situation.
ClassificationRelease Information
Preventative 2-5 per 100 square ft., weekly
Hot spots 10-25 per 100 square ft., weekly

Instructions For The Use Of Aphidius colemani

Aphidius

If you’ve received aphid “mummies” which have not yet begun to emerge, you may store the bottle at 64-80°F in a highly humid, shaded location until hatch begins (check twice daily). Allow up to 7 days for hatch.

When the “mummies” begin to emerge, release at sundown the same day. To release, open the container in the crop and allow the wasps to fly out on their own as you walk among the plants. You can speed up their exit by gently tapping them out. If they begin to exit too quickly or if dispersal control is not manageable (which may happen when they’re warm), re-secure the cap between release points. Concentrate the bulk of them at release points on or near the most heavily infested plants or where aphids are most likely to make an appearance. For any that will not readily come out of the bottle, or if some remain non-emerged, simply tuck the bottle into the foliage of a plant, preferably one with the heaviest pest population. The “mummies” may also be sprinkled out. We recommend the removal of most yellow sticky traps prior to release.

Do not store the emerged adult wasps in the bottle for more than 18 hours. Hold at a humid 45-55°F (fridge best). Do not attempt to cold-store the wasps’ pupae for periods exceeding 72 hours.

IMPORTANT

We guarantee live delivery and ask that you report any problem within 24 hours. Please do not release or discard the product. You may be asked to return the shipment for further analysis.  Thank you for your order.


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This product is affected by US holidays.